Army Firefighter 12M Career – Military Occupational Specialties (MOS)

Job Description

Army firefighters are responsible for protecting lives and property from fire. They control fires and help prevent them in buildings, aircrafts and ships.

When an emergency happens every second counts and when life and property are endangered among the first responders is the firefighter.  This MOS is critical to the Army’s fire protection and prevention operations – operations that include extinguishing aircraft, structural and natural cover fires, vehicle emergencies, rescue of personnel and first aid.  To qualify, you must not have an unusual fear of heights, confined spaces or fire.  You must also be able to lift heavy objects.  Providing you qualify and a vacancy exists, the army will train you at the Department of Defense’s Louis F. Garland Fire Academy at Goodfellow Air Force Base in Texas.

To operate the equipment used for basic fire operations on aircraft, vehicle, building and wildfires this course trains firefighters from all military services along with multinational students firefighter training puts a special emphasis on rescue and first aid.  You’ll learn to maintain two way radio communications and respond to alarm equipment.  You will also receive basic instruction in hazardous materials awareness and operations.

After successfully completing basic combat training and advanced individual training you may work in the field or on an army installation as a member of the engineer firefighting team or deploy as a member oven engineer detachment in support of army operations.

Serving in this MOS you’ll have the opportunity to apply for and earn certification and credentials through the army’s credentialing opportunities online further assisting your transition from the military to the civilian employment sector.  This is an extremely important and rewarding job protecting the soldiers of the U.S. Army.

Job Duties

  • Perform rescue and firefighting operations during structural fires, aircraft crashes, vehicle emergencies and natural cover fires
  • Drive firefighting trucks and emergency rescue vehicles
  • Give first aid to injured personnel
  • Perform emergency response duties during hazardous materials incidents
  • Inspect aircraft, buildings and equipment for fire hazards
  • Teach fire protection procedures and repair/refill firefighting equipment


Those who want to serve must first take the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery, a series of tests that helps you better understand your strengths and identify which Army jobs are best for you.


Job training for firefighter requires 10 weeks of Basic Combat Training and 13 weeks of Advanced Individual Training. Part of this time is spent in the classroom and part in the field, including practice in fighting fires.

Some of the skills you’ll learn about:

  • Fighting different types of fires
  • Firefighting equipment operations, first aid and rescue procedures

Helpful Skills

  • Ability to remain calm under stress
  • Willingness to risk injury to help others
  • Ability to think and act decisively

Required ASVAB Score(s)

General Maintenance (GM) : 88